Geography of Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli, one among the most important territorial dominion of southern state of Tamil Nadu is located in the southern most part of the state. Tirunelveli district is bordered by Tuticorin  district to the east, Western Ghats mountain ranges to the west, Virudhunagar district to the north and Kanyakumari district to the south. The total geographical area of the district is 6,823 sq.km. and it lies between the at geographical co-ordinates of 8°05' and 9°30' in northward line of latitude and 77°05' and 78°25' in eastward line of longitude. As per the Census 2011, the population of Tirunelveli district is 3,077,233 with population density accounted as 1,063/sq mi. The district comprises of 22 miles of coastline.

Geographical Features of Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli district comprises of a long stretch of the Western Ghats mountain ranges and lowland fields, including arenaceous soil and productive alluvial deposit, and an assortment of plant life, animal life and reserved wildlife.
Tirunelveli Geography

The territorial dominion also has inland and hilly woodlands. The unique feature of Tirunelveli district is that it is the only region in the state to have all the five kinds of ecologic partitions as distinguished in the age-old Tamil Literature Palai - dry desert lands, Marutham - flat fertile lands, Neithal - coastline, Mullai - woodlands and Kurinji - hilly.

Forests in Tirunelveli

The total forest area in the district is reported as 1,22,055 hectares of which 81,700 hectares is separated exclusively for Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Wild Life Sanctuary. The total forest area of Tirunelveli district stretches along the Western ghats mountain ranges. Assorted types of woodlands from southern thorn scrub forests to lush tropical wet evergreen woodlands are found in Tirunelveli.

Some of the other types of forests found in the district are Carnatic umbrella thorn forests, Southern Euphorsia scrub forests, Southern moist mixed deciduous forests, Southern thorn scrub, West Coast tropical evergreen forests and Ochlandra reed forests.

Important Contact Information:

Conservator of Forests
Tirunelveli Circle, NGO Colony, Behind RTO Office
Tirunelveli 627007
Phone Number: 0462-2552612
Email: cftnv@nellai.tn.nic.in

District Forest Officer
Tirunelveli Division, NGO ‘A’ Colony, North Main Road, Tirunelveli 627007
Phone Number: 0462-2553605, 0462-2553005
Email: dfotnv@sancharnet.in

Divisional Forest Officer
Social Forestry Division, Tirunelveli - 627007
Phone Number: 0462-2531806
Email: dfoltnv@nellai.tn.nic.in

Assistant Conservator of Forests
Forest Protection Squad, 129 – 7th Street, Perumalpalayam, Tirunelveli

Chief Conservator of Forets & Field Director
Project Tiger, Kalakad Mundunthurai Tiger Sanctuary, Ngo Colony,
Tirunelveli - 627007
Phone Number: 0462-2552663
Email: tvl-kmtrpt@sancharnet.in

Deputy Director
Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Sanctuary, No:11, Agasthiyar East Street,
Ambasamduram, Tirunelveli Dist. - 627401
Phone Number: 04634-250594

Forest Extension Officer,
Forest Extension Division, Tiruvananthapuram Salai, Ponnangudi – Maruthakulam (post) Tirunelveli- 627151
Phone Number: 0462-2584233

Climatic Conditions of Tirunelveli

In Tirunelveli district, the coastal areas are neither warm nor very cold while the interior are generally hot throughout the year. Usually, the temperature intensifies from the middle of February. The month of May is usually considered as the hottest month in Tirunelveli with temperature soaring to 37 degree celsius. Sometimes, the hot weather conditions extend till June where the mercury will go easily up to 45 Degree Celsius.
Tirunelveli Geography

Thanks to the southwest monsoon that by the end of June, the district experiences a little drop in the temperature. From November to January, Tirunelveli enjoys the coolest period of the year with the average day-to-day maximum temperature of 30 to 31 Degree Celsius and average minimum temperature of 22 to 23 Degree Celsius.


Rainy Season in Tirunelveli: October to the middle of January
Rainiest Month in Tirunelveli: November
Mean Rainfall in Tirunelveli: 814.8 mm per year

Rivers of Tirunelveli

Tirunelveli district is primarily irrigated by rivers springing up in the Western ghats mountain ranges. The two most important rivers of Tirunelveli district include Tamiraparani River and Manimuthar river. Several dams are built on Tamiraparani and Manimuthar rivers for the purpose of power generation and agriculture.
Nellai Tamirabarani

The Tamiraparani River gives repeated irrigation to a reasonably prominent region on which two crops are generally farmed. A lot of storage tanks and wells constructed across the district are the other primary sources of irrigation in the district.

Some of the other important rivers of Tirunelveli include Pachaiyar, Korayar, Chittar, Aintharuviar, Ramanathi, Jambunathi, Aluthakanniar, Gadananathi, Hanumanathi, Karuppanathi, Nambiyar, Karunaiyar, Vadamalaiyaru and so on.

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